Domestic vs. International Adoption

July 28, 2016

When you're considering domestic vs. international adoption, there are many adoption attorneys from which to choose. However, their key differences will typically be cost, wait time, available medical information concerning the child, and the children available. Your best bet, then, is to pick the top agencies with which you want to work. The information they provide will show you the range of possibilities.

Cost: International Adoption Tends to Be More Expensive

The most significant difference between domestic and international adoption is cost. Domestic adoption typically costs between $10,000 and $50,000. International adoption usually costs between $15,000 and $50,000. It is possible to find loans and grants for adoption, although you may be required to pass a home study before beginning the application process. Federal tax breaks may be available, and there may also be potential state and/or employer reimbursement open to adopting parents.

Wait Time: You'll Probably Wait Longer for International Adoption

Domestic adoption can take anywhere from less than a year to up to five-and-a-half years, while international adoption may take up to three years or longer. The wait time is dependent on a variety of factors, including the child's physical health, his or her unique needs, the processing time of different countries, and the choices of the birth parents.

Medical Information: You'll Likely Get More Information in Domestic Adoption

Typically, you will be able to get extensive information from the birth mother in a domestic adoption. This is especially true if you are in contact with the birth mother while she is pregnant. The amount of medical information available in international adoption depends on the agency with which you work.

Children Available: Both International and Domestic Adoption Offer a Range

Domestic vs. international adoption does not mean you have to choose children from one ethnic group or cultural background. In many countries, including the U.S., you can adopt children from different backgrounds. Recently, there have been declines in international adoption in some countries, including China, South Korea, and Russia. Other countries, from regions such as Central America and Africa, have seen increases in international adoption. Consider working with an international adoption attorneys in San Antonio at Salmon-Haas if you want to explore your choices and learn how to navigate different bureaucratic systems.

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